The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has almost suspended face-to-face medical education and clinical skills education has been negatively affected. Clinical clerkship has been cancelled or moved online, and the opportunities for clinical skills observation or activities have considerably decreased since the start of the pandemic . Online teaching and social distancing cause difficulties in direct clinical practice training. While faculty members and students have tried to adapt rapidly to this situation, both medical educators and students have become concerned about educational gaps in clinical skills.
The main aims of newly developed clinical skill educational methods are to achieve the following goals: (1) replace current teaching methodology in situations where face-to-face education is impossible; (2) observe clinical skill processes in greater detail than in direct practice activity; and (3) bridge the gap created by the pandemic in teaching clinical skills effectively.
Although the smoothness of listening to the lecture and video quality were mentioned as disadvantages in the real-time online environment, these obstacles can be overcome with relative ease. From an educational point of view, this method has various advantages. POVF can readily facilitate education for large cohorts of learners and is easy to implement without using special equipment. It is also possible to record videos from a close distance and provide detailed videos to learners. However, as the students pointed out, there was a distinct disadvantage as learners could not practice and receive feedback directly.
Pronouns in Spanish - Chapter SummaryWork through this online foreign language chapter to review Spanish pronouns. Consisting of short and engaging lessons, the chapter helps you review the rules and placement of direct, indirect and double object pronouns. These video lessons also provide plenty of examples that illustrate proper pronoun usage in the Spanish language. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to:
When you finish a lesson, try the accompanying self-assessment quiz to reinforce your understanding of Spanish pronouns. You can also take the chapter exam to practice applying your Spanish language skills. The chapter is available to study at any time that fits your schedule, and you can submit any questions you may have to our Spanish experts.
Recruitment of practitioners began with a direct mailed letter to all currently licensed chiropractors, acupuncturists, and massage therapists in the Tucson, Arizona metro area, using address lists obtained from the Arizona state licensing boards for each discipline. The direct mailing introduced the study and informed the practitioner that they would be contacted by phone to invite their participation in the study. The follow-up phone call invited practitioners to complete a short eligibility screening survey about themselves and their practice. If practitioners were eligible and interested, an in-person visit was scheduled with study staff to review the study in detail, answer questions and obtain informed consent if the practitioner wanted to participate. Practitioners in multi-practitioner offices were asked to sign a Site Authorization Letter indicating their collective willingness for the study to take place at their site. Following written informed consent, practitioners completed baseline questionnaire assessments, and study staff performed a practice environmental scan (to document existing practice systems, policies and patient materials related to tobacco use). Distribution and collection procedures for the in-office tobacco use patient survey were also set up at this time. Figure 1 displays the study flow for participants. 2b1af7f3a8